Heart Disease & High Blood Pressure

Heart Health & Wellness

man with heart attack

 

What is Heart Disease?

Heart disease describes a range of conditions that affect your heart. Diseases under the heart disease umbrella include blood vessel diseases, such as coronary artery disease; heart rhythm problems (arrhythmias); and heart defects you’re born with (congenital heart defects), among others.

The term “heart disease” is often used interchangeably with the term “cardiovascular disease.” Cardiovascular disease generally refers to conditions that involve narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Other heart conditions, such as those that affect your heart’s muscle, valves or rhythm, also are considered forms of heart disease. Many forms of heart disease can be prevented or treated with healthy lifestyle choices. (Mayo Clinic)

HD365 Heart Disease & HBP Fact Poster

 Leading Causes of Hypertension

  1. Salt in our diets – we should not consume more than 1 teaspoon of salt per day. This includes a total of the salt that we put on food, as well as the salt content in food itself.
  2. Being overweight or obese contributes greatly to hypertension because the same things that tend to make us obese are the same things that contribute to the build-up of plaque.
  3. Lack of physical activity or exercise
  4. Heavy consumption of alcohol
  5. Race –which may be related to diet, access to care, other social issues.
  6. Age
  7. Gender
  8. Smoking of tobacco
  9. Diabetes and kidney disease
  10. Heredity or familial history

Slide01